A framework for evacuation hotspot detection after large scale disasters using location data from smartphones: case study of Kumamoto
Takahiro Yabe（The University of Tokyo）, Kota Tsubouchi, Akihito Sudo（The University of Tokyo）, Yoshihide Sekimoto（The University of Tokyo）
GIS '16: Proceedings of the 24th ACM SIGSPATIAL International Conference on Advances in Geographic Information Systems, 2016/10
データサイエンス (Data Science) その他の取り組み (Misc.)
- Large scale disasters cause severe social disorder and trigger mass evacuation activities. Managing the evacuation shelters efficiently is crucial for disaster management. Kumamoto prefecture, Japan, was hit by an enormous (Magnitude 7.3) earthquake on 16th of April, 2016. As a result, more than 10,000 buildings were severely damaged and over 100,000 people had to evacuate from their homes. After the earthquake, it took the decision makers several days to grasp the locations where people were evacuating, which delayed of distribution of supply and rescue. This situation was made even more complex since some people evacuated to places that were not designated as evacuation shelters. Conventional methods for grasping evacuation hotspots require on-foot field surveys that take time and are difficult to execute right after the hazard in the confusion. We propose a novel framework to efficiently estimate the evacuation hotspots after large disasters using location data collected from smartphones. To validate our framework and show the useful analysis using our output, we demonstrated the framework on the Kumamoto earthquake using GPS data of smartphones collected by Yahoo Japan. We verified that our estimation accuracy of evacuation hotspots were very high by checking the located facilities and also by comparing the population transition results with newspaper reports. Additionally, we demonstrated analysis using our framework outputs that would help decision makers, such as the population transition and function period of each hotspot. The efficiency of our framework is also validated by checking the processing time, showing that it could be utilized efficiently in disasters of any scale. Our framework provides useful output for decision makers that manage evacuation shelters after various kinds of large scale disasters.
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